The Famous Harvest Festival of Assam


Bihu festival is the most important National Harvest Festival of Assam and north-eastern India, which is actually a set of three festivals and they are celebrated in the months of Bohag (the middle of April), Kaati (the middle of October) and Maagh (the middle of January). Bihu is mainly a harvest festival, wherein the farmers thank the lord for the successful harvest and welcome the spring season.

The Three Bihus Festival of Assam

The word Bihu has been derived from the Sanskrit word Bishu, which means “to ask for prosperity from the Gods during the harvesting season”. Bihu is celebrated three times a year. The three sets of festivals include Magh Bihu celebrated in (the middle of January), Bohag Bihu, which is also the Assamese New Year in April and Kati Bihu, reflecting a season of short supplies in (the middle of October).


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Bohag Bihu Festival in Assam

Bohag Bihu is also called Haat Bihu or Rangali Bihu. Bohag Bihu marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year and the arrival of spring. Bohag Bihu is celebrated during the middle of the month of April and seven days after Vishuva Sankranti of the Vaisakh month. This festival is also observed in Nepal, Punjab, Bengal, Manipur, Orissa, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu though called by different names like Baisakhi in north India, Pongal in south India, etc.

On the first day of Bohag Bihu, Harvest festival of Assam is called the Garu Bihu, when bull and cows are bathed with turmeric and provided with new attachment chains. The second day of the Bohag Bihu festival is called the (Manush Bihu), when women, men, and children put on new clothes, special dishes of the Bihu festival are also prepared at home.

Kati Bihu Festival of Assam

In October, Assam celebrated its 3rd Bihu festival known as the ‘Kati Bihu’ festival across the state. This festival is held at this time of the year since the granaries of the farmers usually remain empty and therefore it is known as Kongali (poor) Bihu. On the occasion of the Kati festival, women, both in urban and rural areas, try to ward off evil and pray for a rich harvest by lighting earthen lamps. Not only women, but Farmers also tie a special kind of lamp, known as Akash Bati, to poles and the poles are placed in the paddy fields.

Magh Bihu: This is how Magh Bihu is celebrated

Magh Bihu, This Harvest festival of Assam is dedicated to Agni, the Lord of Fire. Magh Bihu celebrated in Assam and it marks the end of the harvesting season in the region. Magh Bihu is a synonym of bonfires that begin one day before of Magh Bihu. Magh Bihu is known as Uruka, and is people who celebrate this festival with great fervor and joy.

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